Front of a boat.
pin sideways on a rock or to bridge between two rocks.
CFS: Cubic feet per
second, the standard unit for measuring the flow in a river.
Channel: An area
of a river defined by the banks, a bank and an island, a bank and a rock, or
between two rocks.
calm spot formed downstream of a rock or other obstruction in the riverbed.
eddies may be still or may move upstream.
Eddy turn: A maneuver
that allows a paddler to stop in an eddy to scout, regroup, rest or play.
By using the current differential between the downstream current and the
upstream-moving eddy water, a paddler can turn his boat quickly upstream
after crossing the eddy line with speed at an appropriate angle.
Discharge: The amount
of water being released from a dam or passing a specific cross-sectional
area in a given time interval, measured in cubic feet per second. (cfs)
Featureless water moving downstream.
Ferry: A maneuver that
allows a paddler to get across the river without losing ground. To
ferry you point one end of the boat upstream at an angle to the current and
paddle against it to neutralize it's force.
Lakes, ponds or rivers with little or no current.
What a river does naturally when it hits flatter terrain.
water: Same as fastwater.
water that piles up upstream of a rock or other obstruction, creating an
area of boils, and folds that tends to keep boaters off the rock. Not all
rocks form pillows.
Play-boating: A paddling style that emphasizes surfing holes and waves,
enders and eddy-hopping.
sometimes called a carry: To carry a boat around a rapid or other
location from which a trip is started.
distinct stretch of whitewater that may last for as little as 50 feet or as
much as a mile or more.
The left side of the river, looking downstream.
right: The right side of the river, looking downstream.
garden: A rapid with numerous rocks.
section of river done as a single trip.
S-Turn: A channel that bends first one way, then the other.
look at a rapid from the shore in order to decide both if and where to run.
Self-rescue: Any of a number of techniques that allow a boater to help
himself after a capsize.
To drive vehicles to the takeout in preparation for running a river. When
the paddlers reach the end of the trip, the majority of paddlers will have
their cars waiting for them at the take out.
wave: A wave formed by one of three conditions: a narrowing of the riverbed,
a steepening of the riverbed, or an increase in the volume of water. In
contrast to ocean waves, standing waves donít generally move much upstream
back of a boat.
Anything that allows water to pass through but keeps solid objects, such as
boats and paddlers from doing so. Especially common types of strainers are
trees ( especially on the outside of bends).
on a moving river)- A method of riding a wave or a hole in which a boat is
made to stay in one place by careful placement on the river feature in
take on water in an open boat.
The location at which a trip ends.
A rapid formed by a tidal current being squeezed into a narrow opening.
reading: A skill that allows a boater to know whatís downstream by picking
up subtle hints from water formations and currents.
The area drained by a river.
Water moving downstream with rocks and other obstructions that form such
features as waves, holes, eddies and drops. Whitewater